SBC (Single Board Computer) vs. SoC (System on Chip): Learning the Difference

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Single Board Computer

Almost every other day, many latest technologies with standard products are being released. And this pressurizes the companies to keep up with these technological changes. One main question that experts see coming up is whether an individual should buy an SoC (System on Chip) or SBC (Single Board Computer) for different industrial applications. Both these systems have their own set of advantages and features. Knowing how SBC differs from SoC can help a person make an informed decision. This article discusses the difference between Single board Computers and the System on Chips.

What is the Single Board Computer (SBC)?

An SBC or single-board computer is the entire computer constructed on a single circuit board, from memory input and output devices to microprocessors and other vital elements. These Single board Computers are manufactured using an extensive range of microprocessors and are simple in design.

What is the System on Chip (SoC)?

The System on Chip (SoC) incorporates several system components into a single Si chip. It often constitutes a memory, a range of peripherals, and an application processor. A sound-detecting device, the SoC is a small chip featuring all necessary components and circuits in a specific system, like a portable computer or smartphone, on a single integrated circuit.

SBC vs. SOC: Knowing the Differences 

Here are the main differences between the Single board Computers (SBCs) and the System on Chips (SoCs):

Basis of DifferenceSBCSOC
AbbreviationThe abbreviation of SBC is Single Board Computer.The abbreviation of SoC is System on Chip.
DefinitionA single printed circuit board (PCU), CPU, RAM, and non-volatile memory make up the SBC, a personal computer.An SoC is a silicon chip or an integrated circuit constituting many functional units on a single silicon chip.
ComponentsVarious peripherals are connected to a single-board computer via slots given on the circuit.A system on a chip has each component integrated into it.
AdaptabilityA single-board computer is more adaptable than an SoC.A system on a chip is less adaptable than an SBC.
PriceThe cost of a single-board computer is relatively less than an SoC.The cost of a system on a chip is relatively more than an SBC.
ApplicationsA single-board computer is utilized for advancing the end product. Internet of Things (IoT) applications and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are the main application areas.Now that an SoC is compact and consumes less power, it is widely used in embedded systems and IoT applications.

Conclusion

A system on a chip and a single-board computer are distinct from one another since the latter is an essential part of the former. SBC stands for single-board computer, and it is a personal computer with a CPU, RAM, and non-volatile memory. And a SoC is an integrated circuit (silicon chip) that has various functional components. Both of these technological advancements have advantages and uses. Single-board computers are the conventional equipment that can improve outcomes across a variety of sectors. SoCs are perfect for embedded industrial applications because to their computational quality or low power consumption.